Publications using SCONE

If SCONE is helpful for your research, please cite the following paper:

@article{ Geijtenbeek2019,
  author = {Thomas Geijtenbeek},
  title = {SCONE: Open Source Software for Predictive Simulation of Biological Motion},
  journal = {Journal of Open Source Software}
  year = {2019},
  volume = {4},
  number = {38},
  pages = {1421},
  publisher = {The Open Journal},
  doi = {10.21105/joss.01421},
  url = {},

If you are using the Hyfydy Simulation Engine in your research, please add the following citation:

  author = {Geijtenbeek, Thomas},
  title = {The {Hyfydy} Simulation Software},
  year = {2021},
  month = {11},
  url = {},
  note = {\url{}}

Below is a non-exhaustive list of publications that used SCONE for their research. Please note this list is not complete – see Google Scholar for all citing articles.

Is your publication missing?

Please leave a message at the SCONE User Forum to get it included in the list.

Lassmann, C., Ilg, W., Rattay, T. W., Schöls, L., Giese, M., & Haeufle, D. F. B. (2023). Dysfunctional neuro-muscular mechanisms explain gradual gait changes in prodromal spastic paraplegia. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 20(1), 1–19.

Jabeen, S., Baines, P. M., Harlaar, J., Vallery, H., & Berry, A. (2023). Reaction moments matter when designing lower-extremity robots for tripping recovery. PLoS ONE, 18(2 February), 1–27.

Muñoz, D., De Marchis, C., Gizzi, L., & Severini, G. (2022). Predictive simulation of sit-to-stand based on reflexive-controllers. PloS One, 17(12), e0279300.

Koelewijn, A. D., & Bogert, A. J. van den. (2022). Antagonistic Co-contraction Can Minimise Muscular Effort in Systems with Uncertainty. PeerJ, 1–23.

Russo, A. Di, Stanev, D., Armand, S., & Ijspeert, A. (2021). Sensory modulation of gait characteristics in human locomotion: A neuromusculoskeletal modeling study. PLoS Computational Biology (Vol. 17).

Veerkamp, K., Waterval, N. F. J., Geijtenbeek, T., Carty, C. P., Lloyd, D. G., Harlaar, J., & van der Krogt, M. M. (2021). Evaluating cost function criteria in predicting healthy gait. Journal of Biomechanics, 123, 110530.

Ping, C. C., Ting, Y. Y., Gouwanda, D., Gopalai, A. A., & Zheng, C. Y. (2021). The Effect of Quadriceps Contractures on Gait and its Adaptation Strategy. 2020 IEEE-EMBS Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 35–40.

Ratnakumar, N. and Zhou, X. (2021). Optimized Torque Assistance during Walking with an Idealized Hip Exoskeleton. International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (IDETC-CIE), paper number: IDETC2021-71376, pp. 1-10, 2021.

Waterval, N. F. J., Veerkamp, K., Geijtenbeek, T., Harlaar, J., Nollet, F., Brehm, M. A., & van der Krogt, M. M. (2020). Validation of forward simulations to predict the effects of bilateral plantarflexor weakness on gait. Gait and Posture, 87(December 2020), 33–42.

Li, X., Chen, J., Wang, W., Zhang, F., Han, H., & Zhang, J. (2020). Using Predictive Simulation Methods to Design Suitable Assistance Modes for Human Walking on Slopes. 2020 3rd International Conference on Control and Robots, ICCR 2020, 169–175.

Wang, Y., Liu, Z., Zhu, L., Li, X., & Wang, H. (2020). An impedance control method of lower limb exoskeleton rehabilitation robot based on predicted forward dynamics. Proceedings - 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, TrustCom 2020, 1515–1518.

Ong, C. F., Geijtenbeek, T., Hicks, J. L., & Delp, S. L. (2019). Predicting gait adaptations due to ankle plantarflexor muscle weakness and contracture using physics-based musculoskeletal simulations. PLoS Computational Biology, 15(10), e1006993.

Jabeen, S., Berry, A., Geijtenbeek, T., Harlaar, J., & Vallery, H. (2019). Assisting gait with free moments or joint moments on the swing leg. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, 2019-June(June), 1079–1084.